Renewing the color of the walls is a task that you can do yourself; although there are cases in which it is better to call a professional.
What do you need to paint the walls?
Any DIY project starts by gathering all the materials and tools you are going to use. In this case you will need much more than the paint and the roller.
Before you go shopping, make sure you know the measurements of the surface to be painted. Knowing this will help you choose the amount of paint needed for each space. You will usually find on the packaging how many square meters you will cover with each litre.
Now that you know how much paint you are going to use, you need to purchase the tools for the job. The rollers are included here, a large one to cover more surface and a small one for details and small spaces.
To reach the highest parts of the wall and ceiling use a telescopic pole. Thanks to this you can extend the reach of the roller.
Also, buying quality brushes is essential to reach those parts that the roller does not reach; for example, the corners.
In addition, there are other materials that will allow you to obtain an optimal result in your work. Such as wall putty that you will use to fill gaps or cracks and repair defects.
If you are painting a house for the first time you will need to apply a coat of sealer before the paint.
On the other hand, do not forget the masking tape to avoid staining installations such as plugs. As well as newspaper or packing paper to cover the floor. Painting doesn’t create debris , but you’ll want to avoid unwanted stains on furniture and other surfaces.
How to choose the paint?
To paint the house like a professional, start by choosing the best paint. The quality of the material matters, you do not want to spend your money on one that does not have enough covering power or that the result does not look like in the catalog.
Keep in mind the following recommendations when choosing the paint:
- Don’t just look at the color, the type of paint is also important. For the interior of the house, the most used is the plastic that comes in different matte and glossy finishes.
- Single coat paints give good coverage in a single application; however, they are thicker and more difficult to handle.
- As for the color, the final result may vary from the catalog because factors such as the amount of light in the room influence. In that sense:
- Consider buying a lighter shade that you liked from the catalog.
- Try painting a small section in the room to see how the color turns out.
- Light colors hide the imperfections of the walls more and give more light.
- If you don’t get the color you want, you can custom order it. These are made with tinting machines.
- Make sure you buy enough paint.
Tips for painting the house like a professional
Now that you have everything you need, it’s time to start painting. If the project is simple, you can do it yourself. However, there are situations where it is better to hire professional painters .
These recommendations will guide you to learn how to paint a house from the inside .
Apply caulking if painting for the first time
Painting a new wall involves some additional steps to others that have already been worked on. The first of these is to apply a sealant or fixative.
The function of the sealant is to prevent the wall from absorbing too much paint and thus it is better fixed.
This product is easy to apply, you can do it with a brush or a roller. It is important that you let it dry well before proceeding to apply the first coat of paint. Allow at least 24 hours to pass between each one.
Similarly, before applying the sealant on a newly built wall, you have to wait some time and clean it. For this, a mixture of water and muriatic acid is used. It is then rinsed and allowed to dry well before continuing.
How to prepare the walls before painting them?
The next of the tips to paint the house like a professional is to prepare the walls for painting. Part of this process is the sealer that we mentioned in the previous point, but there are other steps to include in walls that have been painted before.
This process can be long, depending on the conditions in which the walls are found. Failure to follow these steps can cause problems later.
During this stage the steps to paint a house include:
- Remove peeling paint with a putty knife. Then sand the edges to smooth them out.
- Remove mold from walls caused by moisture. If you have this problem at home you must remove the cause or mold will continue to appear, apart from the structural damage it can cause.
- Then proceed to repair any cracks, holes, and other imperfections in the wall. Use putty for this and apply it with a spatula.
- If necessary, sand the wall. This will depend on the material used to build them.
- Clean the walls well and remove all dust so that the paint adheres well to the walls.
- After all this apply the primer if necessary.
Repair peeling walls
Paint peeling off walls can be a sign of other problems, whether you’re going to paint a house from the outside or from the inside.
The wall may not have been given the necessary treatment before it was painted. For example, that the previous paint was not sanded well or that it was wet. Also, that after painting some filtration has appeared.
On the other hand, there are paints that are not compatible with each other and, before applying one, the other must be removed.
So to get an optimal result you have to correct any problems that exist.
Remove peeling paint, remove all remaining debris and dust, and correct moisture problem. To avoid further wetting, use a dry cloth to remove any remaining paint. If necessary, use anti-humidity paint.
Use simple painting techniques
If you do not have experience painting, it is pertinent to opt for simple techniques and preferably with light colors. With these tones it is easier to hide the imperfections that remain such as paint overlays.
In addition, light colors bring more light to the space that is being painted.
On the other hand, if you want to apply tricks to paint walls with effects , it is better to call professionals. They know the best techniques to create designs and make combinations.
There are simple techniques you can try if you don’t have a lot of experience, like painting with stencils.
Take into account the light of the room
The lighting that each room has will influence the final result. That’s why it’s a good idea to test how your chosen color looks before you paint everything. The orientation of the house influences the amount of light it receives.
Light colors reflect more light and give the feeling of spaciousness in spaces.
On the other hand, dark tones bring elegance, but you have to know how to use them to avoid looking closed and gloomy.
There are several alternatives to make dark colors stand out. For example, use them in rooms with bay windows that let in plenty of natural light. Also combine them with light colors on the ceiling and trim.
Use the right amount of paint
A frequently asked question when painting is how many layers of paint to apply. Professionals choose to apply two, since the second helps to achieve a better result.
In the first layer, a greater amount of paint is used, it is the one that gives the base of the color. The second is to remove stains and overlaps, it gives the final finish. In addition, it helps to intensify the color.
On the other hand, if you choose single-layer paints, one layer will suffice, but you should know that it is more difficult to handle.
Similarly, there are places where it is enough to apply a single coat of paint. For example, on the ceiling and other places that are not exposed to constant friction. Also on walls that are going to be painted the same color they already have, provided they are in good condition.
After painting you may encounter some problems. One of the most common is the appearance of bubbles in the newly applied paint.
The appearance of bubbles occurs when the wall is wet or dirty. To repair them, wait for the wall to dry completely, at this point the smaller ones will have disappeared and you only have to work with the ones that remain.
Remove the parts of the bubble that have not adhered to the wall with scissors and sand the edges. Next, dry the area of the wall that remains damp and then proceed to repaint the area.